PMID: 43706Sep 1, 1979

Viral aggregation: buffer effects in the aggregation of poliovirus and reovirus at low and high pH

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
R Floyd, D G Sharp


The effects of the buffer employed in maintaining a given pH value were tested on the aggregation of two viruses, poliovirus and reovirus. Poliovirus was found to aggregate at pH values of 6 and below, but not at pH 7 or above, except in borate buffer. Reovirus aggregated at pH 4 and below, but was found to aggregate only in acetate or tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane-citrate buffers at pH 5. Other buffers tested for aggregation of reovirus at pH 5 (succinate, citrate, and phosphate-citrate) induced little aggregation. No significant aggregation was found for reovirus at pH 6 and above. For both viruses, the most effective aggregation was induced by buffers having a substantial monovalently charged anionic component, such as acetate at pH 5 and 6 or citrate at pH 3. Cationic buffers at low pH, such as glycine, were generally weaker in aggregating ability than anionic buffers at the same pH. These results, when correlated with the isoelectric point of the viruses (poliovirus at pH 8.2; reovirus at pH 3.9) indicated that both viruses aggregated strongly when their overall charge was positive, but only under certain circumstances when their overall charge was negative. Although reovirus aggregated massively at its isoelectric point...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Citrate Measurement
Phosphate Measurement
Human poliovirus 3
Glycine (Plant)

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