Virulence and lienotoxicity of Bordetella bronchiseptica in mice

Veterinary Microbiology
T Magyar


Whole-cell suspensions (WCSs) and cell-free sonicated extracts (SEs) of seven Bordetella bronchiseptica strains were studied for lethality and lienotoxicity in mice. Lethality was assessed after intravenous and intracerebral inoculation, and lienotoxicity by splenic atrophy after intravenous inoculation. The strains represented phase I isolates with or without cytotoxin production, their phase III subcultures and a phase IV variant. The lethality and lienotoxicity of the SEs were in close positive correlation with cytotoxin production. The WCSs of all phase I strains were lethal, irrespective of their cytotoxin- and lienotoxin-producing ability. The only difference was that cytotoxic phase I strains caused splenic atrophy while the noncytotoxic phase I strain induced splenic hypertrophy in the surviving mice. The WCSs of phase III and IV variants were non-lethal and caused splenic hypertrophy even though all but one of them showed some cyto- and lienotoxic activity when their SEs were tested. The results indicate that B. bronchiseptica possesses two different mouse lethal factors: one seems to be identical with the cytotoxin, the other is associated with cell integrity and viability and, presumably, propagation in vivo. It also...Continue Reading


Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Medical Microbiology·L A Collings, J M Rutter
Oct 1, 1988·Veterinary Microbiology·T MagyarG A Hall
Apr 1, 1985·Journal of General Microbiology·A J Lax
Feb 1, 1971·Journal of Medical Microbiology·T Iida, T Okonogi
Apr 21, 1984·The Veterinary Record·J M Rutter, P D Luther

Related Concepts

Bacterial Toxins
Genus Bordetella
Bordetella Infections
Ozena (Disorder)
Family suidae
Swine Diseases

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.