PMID: 2016133Apr 1, 1991Paper

Visual adaptation and the cone flicker electroretinogram

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
N S PeacheyGerald A Fishman

Abstract

This study examined the hypothesis that changes in the response properties of the human cone ERG during light adaptation represent the recovery of cone system responsiveness toward a dark-adapted value after an initial decrease in responsiveness at adapting field onset. The electroretinographic (ERG) responses to 31.1 Hz flicker were obtained under both dark-adapted and light-adapted conditions for stimulus luminances ranging from -1.42(-)+0.82 log cd sec/m2. At low stimulus luminances, flicker ERG amplitudes were larger under dark-adapted than under light-adapted conditions, consistent with the hypothesis. However, at high stimulus luminances, flicker ERG amplitudes obtained under light-adapted conditions were approximately double those recorded from the dark-adapted eye. Therefore, the increase in cone ERG amplitude that occurs during light adaptation at high stimulus luminances does not represent a return toward a dark-adapted level but instead entails a substantial enhancement above the dark-adapted value, by a mechanism that is presently unidentified.

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.