Sep 1, 1993

Visual and vestibular reflexes that stabilize gaze in the chameleon

Visual Neuroscience
H GioanniA Sansonetti

Abstract

Spontaneous eye movements as well as visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive cervical reflexes which contribute to gaze stabilization were investigated in the chameleon using the magnetic search-coil technique. The oculomotor range of each eye was very large (180 deg horizontally x 80 deg vertically). Spontaneous ocular saccades were independent in the two eyes and could have very large amplitudes. The fast phases of nystagmus during the stabilization reflexes were also independent in the eyes. In the head-restrained condition, optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) had a low gain in both horizontal and vertical planes (0.35 at 5 deg/s) and showed little binocular interaction. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) exhibited a low gain (0.2-0.3 from 0.05-1 Hz) and a high-phase lead at low frequency (140 deg at 0.05 Hz). Rotation of the animal in the presence of a visible surround increased the overall gain of gaze stabilization to 0.4-0.5 (P < 0.01) and considerably reduced the phase lead (38 deg at 0.05 Hz). In the head-free condition, head and eye reflexes were active simultaneously during both optokinetic and vestibular stimulation, but nystagmic head movements appeared only occasionally with a rather loose eye-head coordination. During opto...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Examination of Reflexes
Nystagmus
Epilepsy, Reflex
Optokinetic Nystagmus
Vision, Binocular
Eye Reflexes
Vision
Orbital Region
Eye Movements
Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular

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