DOI: 10.1101/503342Dec 21, 2018Paper

VIT1-dependent Fe distribution in seeds is conserved in dicots

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Seckin ErogluBahattin Tanyolac

Abstract

One third of the people suffer from iron (Fe) Fe deficiency. An underlying factor for this malnutrition is insufficient Fe intake from the diet. A major part of the human diet includes seeds of staple crops, which contain Fe that is poorly bioavailable. One reason for the low bioavailability is these seeds store Fe in cellular compartments that also contain antinutrients, such as phytate. Thus, several studies focused on decreasing phytate concentrations. As an alternative approach to increase bioavailable Fe, Fe reserves might be directed to cellular compartments such as plastids that are free of phytate. Previous studies indicated that Fe reserves can be relocalized inside the seed to the desired compartment by genetic modification, provided that a suitable iron transporter protein is used. However, to the best of our knowledge, a Fe transporter localizing to plastids have not been identified in seeds to date. To discover novel Fe transporters, we screened Fe patterns in seeds of distinct plant lineages, hypothesizing Fe hyperaccumulating sites would indicate Fe transporter presence. To this end, metal localizations in seeds of more than twenty species were investigated using histochemical or X-ray based techniques. Results s...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Carrier Proteins
Diet
Embryo
Metals
Persons
Vacuole
Malnutrition
Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>
Site
Plastids

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