PMID: 6894520May 1, 1981Paper

Vitamin-D-resistant osteomalacia in hemodialysis patients lacking secondary hyperparathyroidism

Annals of Internal Medicine
A B HodsmanJ W Coburn

Abstract

We describe a sporadic, vitamin-D-resistant osteomalacic syndrome in 19 patients undergoing hemodialysis. The syndrome was found in less than 1.5% of patients from referring dialysis centers. All 19 patients had multiple fractures, severe myopathy, and many developed spontaneous hypercalcemia. Severe osteomalacia without evidence of secondary hyperparathyroidism distinguished this syndrome from other forms of renal osteodystrophy. Bone aluminum, measured in six patients, was greatly elevated. Therapy with calcitriol (1 alpha, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol) lad to clinical improvement in seven patients with reduced pain and myopathy, decreased serum alkaline phosphatase, or both, but no improvement in bone histology. Patients who did not respond clinically to calcitriol developed marked hypercalcemia. The cause of this severe osteomalacia, which occurs despite normal or slightly elevated levels of serum calcium and phosphorus and fails to mineralize with calcitriol, is unclear.

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Related Concepts

Alkaline Phosphatase
Aluminum
Skeletal Bone
Soltriol
Calcium
Dihydroxycholecalciferols
Hemodialysis
Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary
Osteomalacia
Renal Rickets

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