Sep 1, 1989

Volume regulation of cultured, transformed, non-pigmented epithelial cells from human ciliary body

Experimental Eye Research
R E YantornoM M Civan


Electronic cell sizing has been used to measure the volume of cells suspended in isosmotic and in hyposmotic solutions of identical ionic composition. Without inhibitors, the cells displayed a regulatory volume decrease (RVD) following anisosmotic cell swelling with a time constant (tau) of 6.3 +/- 0.9 min (mean +/- S.E.). The RVD was markedly impaired by substituting gluconate for external Cl-, and tau was prolonged by: (i) reducing the chemical gradient favoring K+ loss (by elevating the external [K+] and blocking the Na. K-exchange pump), (ii) blocking the K+ channels with Ba2+, (iii) blocking Cl- channels and Cl-/HCO3 = exchange with DIDS, and (iv) removing external HCO3-. Withdrawing HCO3- may have altered the RVD either directly by inhibiting a Cl-/HCO3- antiport, or indirectly by affecting intracellular pH. The regulatory volume response of ODM Cl-2/SV40 cells is in several respects qualitatively similar to that of non-pigmented epithelial cells of the intact ciliary body. These common characteristics suggest that the cultured cells can serve as a useful model for studying solute and fluid transport across the human ciliary epithelium. The basis for the RVD is likely to be activation of separate K+ and Cl- channels, with...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Antiporter Activity
4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Simian virus 40
Ciliary Body
Ion Channel

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