DOI: 10.1101/477141Nov 23, 2018Paper

Watching antibiotics in action: Exploiting time-lapse microfluidic microscopy as a tool for target-drug interaction studies in Mycobacterium

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Damian TrojanowskiJolanta Zakrzewska-Czerwińska

Abstract

Spreading resistance to antibiotics and the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains have become frequent in many bacterial species, including mycobacteria. The genus Mycobacterium encompasses both human and animal pathogens that cause severe diseases and have profound impacts on global health and the world economy. Here, we used a novel system of microfluidics, fluorescence microscopy and target-tagged fluorescent reporter strains of M. smegmatis to perform real-time monitoring of replisome and chromosome dynamics following the addition of replication- altering drugs (novobiocin, nalidixic acid and griselimycin) at the single-cell level. We found that novobiocin stalled replication forks and caused relaxation of the nucleoid, nalidixic acid triggered rapid replisome collapse and compaction of the nucleoid, and griselimycin caused replisome instability with subsequent over-initiation of chromosome replication and over-relaxation of the nucleoid. This work is an example of using a microscopy-based approach to evaluate the activity of potential replication inhibitors and provides mechanistic insights into their modes of action. Our system also enabled us to observe how the tested antibiotics affected the physiology of mycobacteri...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antibiotics
Chromosomes
Fluorescent Dyes
Microscopy
Microscopy, Fluorescence
Genus Mycobacterium
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Nalidixic Acid
Novobiocin
Physiological Aspects

Related Feeds

Antifungals

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Antifungals (ASM)

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.