Water Footprint of crop productions: A review

The Science of the Total Environment
Daniela LovarelliMarco Fiala


Water Footprint is an indicator recently developed with the goal of quantifying the virtual content of water in products and/or services. It can also be used to identify the worldwide virtual water trade. Water Footprint is composed of three parts (green, blue and grey waters) that make the assessment complete in accordance with the Water Footprint Network and with the recent ISO14046. The importance of Water Footprint is linked to the need of taking consciousness about water content in products and services and of the achievable changes in productions, diets and market trades. In this study, a literature review has been completed on Water Footprint of agricultural productions. In particular, the focus was paid on crops for the production of food and bioenergy. From the review, the development of the Water Footprint concept emerged: in early studies the main goal was to assess products' water trade on a global scale, while in the subsequent years, the goal was the rigorous quantification of the three components for specific crops and in specific geographical areas. In the most recent assessments, similarities about the methodology and the employed tools emerged. For 96 scientific articles on Water Footprint indicator of agricul...Continue Reading


Jul 14, 2016·The Science of the Total Environment·Francisco Pellicer-Martínez, José Miguel Martínez-Paz
Nov 14, 2016·The Science of the Total Environment·A PiresA Figueroa
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Jun 9, 2014·The Science of the Total Environment·Lucrezia LamastraMarco Trevisan
Sep 16, 2014·The Science of the Total Environment·Huijuan DongXiaoman Yu
May 26, 2015·The Science of the Total Environment·Xinchun CaoJuan Wang
May 27, 2015·The Science of the Total Environment·Guobao SongShushen Zhang
Aug 11, 2015·The Science of the Total Environment·M PahlowA Y Hoekstra
Aug 19, 2015·The Science of the Total Environment·Carlo IngraoValentina Siracusa
Oct 7, 2015·Environmental Science & Technology·Mesfin M Mekonnen, Arjen Y Hoekstra

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