Feb 6, 2020

Weighted burden analysis of exome-sequenced late-onset Alzheimer's cases and controls provides further evidence for a role for PSEN1 and suggests involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β and WNT signalling pathways

Annals of Human Genetics
David CurtisSreejan Bandyopadhyay

Abstract

Previous studies have implicated common and rare genetic variants as risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). Here, weighted burden analysis was applied to over 10,000 exome-sequenced subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project. Analyses were carried out to investigate whether rare variants predicted to have a functional effect within a gene were more commonly seen in cases or in controls. Confirmatory results were obtained for TREM2, ABCA7, and SORL1. Additional support was provided for PSEN1 (p = 0.0002), which previously had been only weakly implicated in LOAD. There was suggestive evidence that functional variants in PIK3R1, WNT7A, C1R, and EXOC5 might increase risk and that variants in TIAF1 and/or NDRG2 might have a protective effect. Overall, there was strong evidence (p = 5 × 10-6 ) that variants in tyrosine phosphatase genes reduce the risk of developing LOAD. Because PIK3R1 variants are expected to impair PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signalling while variants in tyrosine phosphatase genes would enhance it, these findings are in line with those from animal models, suggesting that this pathway is protective against Alzheimer's disease.

  • References44
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta
C1R
Finding
SORL1 protein, human
AKT1
TIAF1
Alzheimer's Disease
Genes
PIK3R1
Whole Exome Sequencing

Related Feeds

Alzheimer's Disease: Genes&Microglia

Genes and microglia are associated with the risk of developing and the progression of conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.

Alzheimer's Disease: Genetics

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. Discover genetic and epigenetic aspects of Alzheimer’s disease, including genetic markers and genomic structural variations here.