PMID: 5919753Nov 25, 1966

Western equine encephalitis virus in Saskatchewan garter snakes and leopard frogs

A N BurtonJ G Rempel


Western equine encephalitis virus was isolated from two naturally infected snakes on first bleeding and from seven others at subsequent bleedings, both with and without preliminary chilling. One snake, with neither detectable virus nor serum neutralizing antibodies when first bled, developed viremia later. Viremia in garter snakes has a cyclic rhythm independent of the temperature of the environment. Virus was isolated from 6 frogs, and 50 out of 179 had detectable serum neutralizing antibodies. Infections with this virus are widely distributed in garter snakes and leopard frogs in the agricultural area of Saskatchewan.


Jan 1, 1974·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·K F ShortridgeV Lance
Jun 27, 2007·ILAR Journal·Christine L Densmore, D E Green
Sep 22, 2011·Veterinary Research·Ellen Ariel
Dec 14, 2011·Viruses·Rachel E Marschang
Mar 10, 2012·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Sean P GrahamThomas R Unnasch
Dec 9, 2004·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice·A J Johnson, James F X Wellehan
Sep 12, 2001·Journal of Veterinary Medicine. B, Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health·S S Essbauer, W Ahne
Jan 10, 2018·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Angela M Bosco-LauthRichard A Bowen
Sep 25, 2019·Journal of Medical Entomology·William K Reisen, Sarah S Wheeler

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