What is the impact of India's plant variety protection act? An analytical examination based on registrations under this act.

OSF Preprints
Suvita RaniSujit Bhattacharya


Abstract Agriculture plays an important role in the Indian Economy with India's population largely dependent on agriculture. Mandated by TRIPS for providing protection for plant varieties, India has constructed a sui generis system for protection of plant variety, 'The Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers Right Act, 2001 (PPV&FR Act)'. This act draws from UPOV 1978 as well as UPOV 1991, and incorporates some unique provisions keeping in view the challenges and constraints of the Indian agriculture ecosystem. As per the PPV&FR act, a registration system has been created for registering plant varieties under various categories. The primary objective of the paper is to examine what has been the impact of the PPV&FR Act. The paper addresses this objective by critically examining the registrations under this act. Does this act provide an incentive mechanism for different stakeholders to register their plant varieties? What does the registration indicate: in terms of types of crops being registered, the trend of registration under different categories, the stakeholder's involvement, and whether it is contributing towards stimulating innovation across the crop development ecosystem. These are some of the issues that the...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Healthcare Financial Management : Journal of the Healthcare Financial Management Association
R W LueckeM S List
BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
C. J. YangIan Mackay
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved