What's new in endocrine factors of tumor growth?

Pathology, Research and Practice
F T BosmanJ Kracht


In this review some aspects of endocrinological factors in cancer are discussed. The first part addresses the determination of steroid hormone receptors in cancer of the breast. The importance of steroid hormone receptor determination for the clinical management of breast cancer patients is emphasized. Current methods for receptor measurement are critically evaluated and it is concluded that rigorous standardization of tissue handling procedures and of radiochemical methodology is mandatory to improve the reliability of the presently available methods. The development of new techniques for receptor determination has been met with high expectations. Monoclonal antireceptor antibodies in principle allow the development of a radioimmunoassay but are not widely available as yet. Histochemical methods for receptor localization have so far failed to meet accepted criteria of specificity. Therefore radiochemical determination at present remains the only reliable method. The second part addresses the production of peptide hormones by endocrine tumours of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system and by non-neuroendocrine neoplasms. In the endocrine tumours of the GEP system a wide range of peptide hormones can be detected by immunocytoch...Continue Reading


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