Wheat omics: Classical breeding to new breeding technologies.

Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Fahad AlotaibiAbdullah Alrajhi

Abstract

Wheat is an important cereal crop, and its significance is more due to compete for dietary products in the world. Many constraints facing by the wheat crop due to environmental hazardous, biotic, abiotic stress and heavy matters factors, as a result, decrease the yield. Understanding the molecular mechanism related to these factors is significant to figure out genes regulate under specific conditions. Classical breeding using hybridization has been used to increase the yield but not prospered at the desired level. With the development of newly emerging technologies in biological sciences i.e., marker assisted breeding (MAB), QTLs mapping, mutation breeding, proteomics, metabolomics, next-generation sequencing (NGS), RNA_sequencing, transcriptomics, differential expression genes (DEGs), computational resources and genome editing techniques i.e. (CRISPR cas9; Cas13) advances in the field of omics. Application of new breeding technologies develops huge data; considerable development is needed in bioinformatics science to interpret the data. However, combined omics application to address physiological questions linked with genetics is still a challenge. Moreover, viroid discovery opens the new direction for research, economics, and...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
transgenic
environmental stress
RNA-seq
whole-genome shotgun sequencing
proteomic profiling
genotyping

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Breeding
Cereals
Drug Resistance
Environment
Gene Expression
Genes
Genome
Research
Stress

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