May 13, 2014

When genomes collide: multiple modes of germline misregulation in a dysgenic syndrome of Drosophila virilis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Mauricio A. GaldosJustin Blumenstiel

Abstract

In sexually reproducing species the union of gametes that are not closely related can result in genomic incompatibility. Hybrid dysgenic syndromes represent a form of genomic incompatibility that can arise when transposable element (TE) abundance differs between two parents. When TEs lacking in the female parent are transmitted paternally, a lack of corresponding silencing small RNAs (piRNAs) transmitted through the female germline can lead to TE mobilization in progeny. The epigenetic nature of this phenomenon is demonstrated by the fact that genetically identical females of the reciprocal cross are normal. Here we show that in the hybrid dysgenic syndrome of Drosophila virilis , an excess of paternally inherited TE families leads not only to increased expression of these TEs, but also coincides with derepression of TEs in equal abundance within parents. Moreover, TE derepression is stable as flies age and associated with piRNA biogenesis defects for only some TEs. At the same time, TE activation is associated with a genome wide shift in the distribution of endogenous gene expression and an increase in abundance of off-target genic piRNAs. To identify regions of the maternal genome that most protect against dysgenesis, we perf...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Small Nuclear RNA
Patterns
Germ-Line Mutation
Genome
Genes
Genomic Stability
Gene Expression
Study of Epigenetics
Genomics

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