DOI: 10.1101/459396Nov 1, 2018Paper

White Matter Microstructure Correlates of General and Specific Second-Order Factors of Psychopathology

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kendra E HintonDavid H Zald

Abstract

Increasing data indicate that prevalent forms of psychopathology can be organized into second- order dimensions based on their correlations, including a general factor of psychopathology that explains the common variance among all disorders and specific second-order externalizing and internalizing factors. Despite this organization, and high levels of comorbidity between diagnoses, most existing studies on the neural correlates of psychopathology employ case-control designs that treat diagnoses as independent categories. Thus, for instance, although perturbations in white matter microstructure have been identified across a range of disorders, the majority of such studies have used case-control designs, leaving it unclear whether observed relations reflect disorder specific characteristics, or transdiagnostic patterns. Using a representative community twin sample of 410 young adults, we tested the hypothesis that some relations between white matter microstructure properties in major tracts are related to second- order factors of psychopathology. We examined fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD), and axial diffusivity (AD). White matter correlates of all second-order factors were identified after controlling for mul...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Alzheimer's Disease: Microglia (Preprints)

Microglial proliferation and activation, as well as its concentration around amyloid plaques, is a prominent feature of Alzheimer’s disease. Here is the latest research on microglia and Alzheimer’s disease.