Apr 18, 2020

ReactomeGSA - Efficient Multi-Omics Comparative Pathway Analysis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Johannes GrissH. Hermjakob

Abstract

Pathway analyses are key methods to analyse 'omics experiments. Nevertheless, integrating data from different 'omics technologies and different species still requires considerable bioinformatics knowledge. Here we present the novel ReactomeGSA resource for comparative pathway analyses of multi-omics datasets. ReactomeGSA can be used through Reactome's existing web interface and the novel ReactomeGSA R Bioconductor package with explicit support for scRNA-seq data. Data from different species is automatically mapped to a common pathway space. Public data from ExpressionAtlas and Single Cell ExpressionAtlas can be directly integrated in the analysis. ReactomeGSA thereby greatly reduces the technical barrier for multi-omics, cross-species, comparative pathway analyses. We used ReactomeGSA to characterise the role of B cells in anti-tumour immunity. We compared B cell rich and poor human cancer samples from five TCGA transcriptomics and two CPTAC proteomics studies. There, B cell-rich lung adenocarcinoma samples lack the otherwise present activation through NFkappaB. This may be linked to the presence of a specific subset of tumour associated IgG+ plasma cells that lack NFkappaB activation in scRNA-seq data from human melanoma. This...Continue Reading

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