Whole genome sequencing of Plasmodium falciparum from dried blood spots using selective whole genome amplification

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Samuel O. OyolaDominic P. Kwiatkowski

Abstract

Translating genomic technologies into healthcare applications for the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has been limited by the technical and logistical difficulties of obtaining high quality clinical samples from the field. Sampling by dried blood spot (DBS) finger-pricks can be performed safely and efficiently with minimal resource and storage requirements compared with venous blood (VB). Here, we evaluate the use of selective whole genome amplification (sWGA) to sequence the P. falciparum genome from clinical DBS samples, and compare the results to current methods using leucodepleted VB. Parasite DNA with high (> 95%) human DNA contamination was selectively amplified by Phi29 polymerase using short oligonucleotide probes of 8-12 mers as primers. These primers were selected on the basis of their differential frequency of binding the desired (P. falciparum DNA) and contaminating (human) genomes. Using sWGA method, we sequenced clinical samples from 156 malaria patients, including 120 paired samples for head-to-head comparison of DBS and leucodepleted VB. Greater than 18-fold enrichment of P. falciparum DNA was achieved from DBS extracts. The parasitaemia threshold to achieve >5x coverage for 50% of the genome was 0.03% (4...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

DNA
Drug Resistance
Fingers
Genome
Head Neoplasms
Leukocytes
Malaria
Oligonucleotide Probes
Parasites
Plasmodium falciparum

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