Jan 4, 2017

Whole-genome sequencing reveals the mutational landscape of metastatic small-cell gallbladder neuroendocrine carcinoma (GB-SCNEC)

Cancer Letters
Maolan LiYingbin Liu

Abstract

Small-cell gallbladder neuroendocrine carcinoma (GB-SCNEC) is a relatively rare histological type of gallbladder cancer, and the genomic landscape of GB-SCNEC is rarely considered in treatment decisions. We performed whole-genome sequencing on an advanced case of GB-SCNEC. We identified approximately 900 high-quality somatic single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and small insertions and deletions (INDELs), 109 of which were shared by both the primary and metastatic tumor tissues. Somatic non-synonymous coding variations with damaging impact in HMCN1 and CDH10 were observed in both the primary and metastatic tissue specimens. A pathway analysis of the genes mapped to the SNVs and INDELs revealed gene enrichment associated with axon guidance, ERBB signaling et al. Furthermore, we identified 11 deletions, 4 tandem duplications and 5 inversions that mapped to known genes. Two gene fusions, NCAM2-SGCZ and BTG3-CCDC40 were also discovered and validated by Sanger sequencing. Additionally, we identified genome-wide copy number variations and microsatellite instability. In this study, we identified novel biological markers of GB-SCNEC that may serve as valuable prognostic factors or indicators of treatment response in patients with GB-SCNEC...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
HRAS
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
ErbB-2 Receptor
Study
Short Tandem Repeat
EGFR
Substance Abuse Attitude Survey
Calcium [EPC]
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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