Jul 6, 2016

With a little help from my friends: Cooperation can accelerate crossing of adaptive valleys

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Uri ObolskiLilach Hadany

Abstract

Natural selection favors changes that lead to genotypes possessing high fitness. A conflict arises when several mutations are required for adaptation, but each mutation is separately deleterious. The process of a population evolving from a genotype encoding for a local fitness maximum to a higher fitness genotype is termed an adaptive peak shift. Here we suggest cooperative behavior as a factor that can facilitate adaptive peak shifts. We model cooperation in a public goods scenario, wherein each individual contributes resources that are later equally redistributed among all cooperating individuals. We use mathematical modeling and stochastic simulations to study the effect of cooperation on peak shifts in well-mixed populations and structured ones. Our results show that cooperation can accelerate the rate of complex adaptation. Furthermore, we show that cooperation increases the population diversity throughout the peak shift process, thus increasing the robustness of the population to drastic environmental changes. Our work could help explain adaptive valley crossing in natural populations and suggest that the long term evolution of a species depends on its social behavior.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Adaptation
Public Entity
Local
Simulation
Species
Genotype Determination
Mutation Abnormality
Population Group

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