PMID: 7993351Apr 1, 1994Paper

"With effort and much pain and an unspeakable, truly stupid patience." Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff (1807-1882) as an embryologist

Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift
C Giese


Theodor L. W. von Bischoff (1807-1882), who worked as an anatomist and physiologist in Heidelberg, Giessen and Munich, is among the most excellent embryologists of the 19th century. His work on the history of development of mammals and of man (1842), his finding proof of spontaneous periodic ovulation in mammals (1844), but above all his directive monographies on rabbits, dogs, guinea pigs and deer (1842-1854) provided the most comprehensive research into the history of the development of mammals which had been done so far. He was less successful, however, with his physiological research including a project on urea as a measure for metabolic activity (1853) which had been initiated by Justus Liebig. The same is true for his studies of the weight of the human brain and his comparative anatomical research into the anatomy of the skull and brain of primates, which had been his main interest since 1860. Bischoff, who had been raised to nobility for his merits, did not confine his activities to science, but engaged in questions of medical education and in the politics of his profession as a member of influential committees, fiercely opposing the admission of women to medical studies (1872).

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