Nov 27, 2019

XPO1 Gene Therapy Attenuates Cardiac Dysfunction in Rats with Chronic Induced Myocardial Infarction

Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
María García-ManzanaresMiguel Rivera

Abstract

Transcriptomic signature of XPO1 was highly expressed and inversely related to left ventricular function in ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. We hypothesized that treatment with AAV9-shXPO1 attenuates left ventricular dysfunction and remodeling in a myocardial infarction rat model. We induced myocardial infarction by coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10), which received AAV9-shXPO1 (n = 5) or placebo AAV9-scramble (n = 5) treatment. Serial echocardiographic assessment was performed throughout the study. After myocardial infarction, AAV9-shXPO1-treated rats showed partial recovery of left ventricular fractional shortening (16.8 ± 2.8 vs 24.6 ± 4.1%, P < 0.05) and a maintained left ventricular dimension (6.17 ± 0.95 vs 4.70 ± 0.93 mm, P < 0.05), which was not observed in non-treated rats. Furthermore, lower levels of EXP-1 (P < 0.05) and lower collagen fibers and fibrosis in cardiac tissue were observed. However, no differences were found in the IL-6 or TNFR1 plasma levels of the myocardium of AAV9-shXPO1 rats. AAV9-shXPO1 administration attenuates cardiac dysfunction and remodeling in rats after myocardial infarction, producing the gene silencing of XPO1.

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Mentioned in this Paper

XPO1
Study
Left Ventricular Structure
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Myocardium
Myocardial Infarction
Administration Procedure
Left Ventricular Function
Evaluation
Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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