May 13, 1976

Yeast aminopeptidase I. Chemical composition and catalytic properties

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
G Metz, K H Röhm

Abstract

An aminopeptidase (alpha-aminoacyl L-peptide hydrolase, EC 3.4.11.1) was purified to homogeneity from autolysates of brewer's yeast. The enzyme which is responsible for most of the yeast cell's aminopeptidase activity is a glycoprotein containing about 12% of conjugated carbohydrate and 0.02% Zn2+ and having a complex quaternary structure. The active species has a molecular weight of approx. 600000 and an isoelectric point of 4.7. The enzyme is remarkably stable, even in dilute solutions. All types of L-amino acid and peptide derivatives containing a free amino terminus are attacked, including amino acid amides and esters. As to its substrate specificity, the enzyme belongs to the so called leucine-aminopeptidases. It is strongly and specifically activated by Zn2+ and Cl- (or Br-) and inactivated by metal-chelating agents. The activation by Zn2+ seems to be mediated by a conformational transition which affects exclusively V and leads to a form of the enzyme which enhanced stability against heat. Halide anions, on the other hand, are acting as positive allosteric effectors, modulating both V and Km.

  • References
  • Citations31

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Bromides
Hexoses
Methoxyleucine Aminopeptidase
Oligopeptides
Zinc
Metal Antagonists
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Edetic Acid, Calcium, Sodium Salt

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.