Feb 10, 1984

Yeast cytochrome P-450 catalyzing lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylation. I. Purification and spectral properties

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Y Yoshida, Y Aoyama

Abstract

A form of cytochrome P-450 catalyzing lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylation (tentatively called "P-450(14)DM") was purified from microsomes of semi-anaerobically grown cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to gel electrophoretic homogeneity. An apparent monomeric Mr = 58,000 was estimated for the purified cytochrome by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Both optical and EPR spectra of oxidized P-450(14)DM are characteristic of low spin ferric heme proteins, and its reduced CO complex showed a Soret absorption peak at 447 nm. As in the case of hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450, the ethyl isocyanide complex of reduced P-450(14)DM was in a pH-dependent equilibrium between two states having Soret peaks at 429 and 453 nm, the equilibrium being considerably shifted toward the 453-nm state. Oxidized P-450(14)DM was peculiar in that in its CD spectrum there was a negative shoulder at 425 nm and the 350- and 414-nm troughs possessed larger and relatively smaller [theta] values, respectively, than those reported for other low spin ferric cytochromes P-450. Lanosterol was the only compound which caused a Type I spectral change in oxidized P-450(14)DM. The lanosterol-induced low to high spin state change was, however, on...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microsomes
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Anaerobiosis
Spectrophotometry
Protein Denaturation
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Lanosterol

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