Mar 21, 2020

ZBP1 (DAI/DLM-1) promotes osteogenic differentiation while inhibiting adipogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells through a positive feedback loop of Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Bone Research
Xuefeng ZhaoPeng Deng


The lineage specification of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) is tightly regulated by a wide range of factors. Recently, the versatile functions of ZBP1 (also known as DAI or DLM-1) have been reported in the blood circulation and immune systems. However, the biological function of ZBP1 during the lineage specification of MSCs is still unknown. In the present study, we found that ZBP1 was upregulated during osteogenesis but downregulated during adipogenesis in mouse bone marrow-derived MSCs (mBMSCs). ZBP1 was highly expressed in osteoblasts but expressed at a relatively low level in marrow adipocytes. Knockdown of ZBP1 inhibited alkaline phosphataseactivity, extracellular matrix mineralization, and osteogenesis-related gene expression in vitro and reduced ectopic bone formation in vivo. Knockdown of ZBP1 also promoted adipogenesis in MSCs in vitro. Conversely, the overexpression of ZBP1 increased the osteogenesis but suppressed the adipogenesis of MSCs. When the expression of ZBP1 was rescued, the osteogenic capacity of ZBP1-depleted mBMSCs was restored at both the molecular and phenotypic levels. Furthermore, we demonstrated that ZBP1, a newly identified target of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was required for β-catenin translo...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Protein Expression
Cell Nucleus
Fat Cell Differentiation
Zbp1 protein, mouse
Skeletal Bone
Cell Transdifferentiation
In Vivo
Immune System

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