Zoonotic Pathogens of Dromedary Camels in Kenya: A Systematised Review

Veterinary Sciences
Ellen Clare Hughes, Neil Euan Anderson

Abstract

Kenya is home to Africa's third largest population of dromedary camels, and production at commercial and local levels are increasingly important. In pastoral and nomadic communities in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), camels play a vital role in food security, while commercial milk production and formalized export markets are rapidly emerging as camel populations expand into non-traditional areas. Until recently, little focus was placed on camels as hosts of zoonotic disease, but the emergence of Middle Eastern respiratory coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012, and the discovery of exposure to the virus in Kenyan camels, highlighted the need for further understanding of this area. This systematised review utilised a robust search strategy to assess the occurrence of camel-associated zoonoses in Kenya and to evaluate the quality of the published literature. Seventy-four studies were identified, covering sixteen pathogens, with an increasing number of good quality studies in recent years. Despite this, the area remains under-researched and there is a lack of robust, high-quality research. Trypanosome spp., Echinococcus granulosus and Brucella spp. appeared most frequently in the literature. Pathogens with the highest reported preva...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 15, 2021·Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health·Q MehmoodI Ullah

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
reverse transcription PCR

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EndNote TM
One
PRISMA
Excel

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