Zoonotic Pathogens of Dromedary Camels in Kenya: A Systematised Review

Veterinary Sciences
Ellen Clare Hughes, Neil Euan Anderson


Kenya is home to Africa's third largest population of dromedary camels, and production at commercial and local levels are increasingly important. In pastoral and nomadic communities in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), camels play a vital role in food security, while commercial milk production and formalized export markets are rapidly emerging as camel populations expand into non-traditional areas. Until recently, little focus was placed on camels as hosts of zoonotic disease, but the emergence of Middle Eastern respiratory coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012, and the discovery of exposure to the virus in Kenyan camels, highlighted the need for further understanding of this area. This systematised review utilised a robust search strategy to assess the occurrence of camel-associated zoonoses in Kenya and to evaluate the quality of the published literature. Seventy-four studies were identified, covering sixteen pathogens, with an increasing number of good quality studies in recent years. Despite this, the area remains under-researched and there is a lack of robust, high-quality research. Trypanosome spp., Echinococcus granulosus and Brucella spp. appeared most frequently in the literature. Pathogens with the highest reported preva...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1979·Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·N S Hyslop
Feb 1, 1978·Tropical Animal Health and Production·S WaghelaD K Kagunya
Dec 1, 1975·The Journal of Hygiene·F G DaviesT Shaw
Dec 1, 1992·Revue Scientifique Et Technique·C G Gitao
Oct 1, 1990·Journal of Comparative Pathology·C G GitaoD J Atkins
Oct 1, 1985·Journal of Comparative Pathology·F G DaviesA Wilson
Feb 1, 1986·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of veterinary medicine. Series B·E MunzH Mahnel
Jan 1, 1986·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·G S Nelson
Jan 1, 1982·Journal of Comparative Pathology·B Kriz
Mar 1, 1983·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·C N Macpherson
Jul 1, 1983·British Journal of Haematology·J F MartinD G Penington
Dec 1, 1994·Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology·J N WaitumbiA S Peregrine
Apr 1, 1993·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·T M WachiraD P McManus
Aug 1, 1993·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·L TowerseyO F Gompertz
Jan 1, 1996·The British Veterinary Journal·W Olaho-MukaniJ O Ouma
Jul 21, 1998·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·C G GitaoA J Khalifalla
Dec 3, 1999·Tropical Medicine & International Health : TM & IH·A Sheik-Mohamed, J P Velema
Aug 27, 2002·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Lee DunsterKevin M DeCock
Sep 27, 2002·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·B Abbas, H Agab
Oct 17, 2002·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Kevin R KimberThomas W Demaar
Jul 1, 1963·The Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology·G R SCOTTN R COWDY
Oct 3, 2003·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Tariq A MadaniOsama Shobokshi
Nov 19, 2003·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·E SchellingJ Zinsstag
Jul 20, 2004·Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology·I E ElmahdiT Romig
Dec 25, 2004·Parasitology Research·Z K NjiruA M R Dávila
Sep 15, 2005·Infection, Genetics and Evolution : Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics in Infectious Diseases·Z K NjiruW C Gibson
Jan 13, 2006·Parasitology International·Japhet MagamboEberhard Zeyhle
Jul 14, 2006·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Rosemary SangBarry Miller
Dec 29, 2006·The New England Journal of Medicine·Benoit VanhollebekeEtienne Pays
Mar 23, 2007·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Eileen M BurdFadi Habib

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jun 15, 2021·Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health·Q MehmoodI Ullah

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned

reverse transcription PCR

Software Mentioned

EndNote TM

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Brucellosis (ASM)

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by members of the genus brucella and remains one of the world's major zoonotic diseases. Discover the latest research on Brucellosis here.


Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by members of the genus brucella and remains one of the world's major zoonotic diseases. Discover the latest research on Brucellosis here.